tv [untitled] July 30, 2011 5:31am-6:00am EDT
technology update exploring the scientific breakthroughs in the future. hello and welcome to technology update are you tired of paying those overblown electric bills at the end of each month this could be the answer you've been waiting for a lot of the energy and with it a lot of the harder and caskets burn out by crummy old incandescent light bulbs but what if i could get you a lot more light and waste way less wattage in the process and up and coming russian company is just open a huge new production facility to help make that energy efficient dream a reality. doesn't meet my sleazy sales pitch high tech brainchild of a trio of russian scientists was born abroad and is now returned to russia to have
been on a shiny new factory at the outskirts of st petersburg aside from being a happy homecoming assembly line launches a big step in russia's attempts to modernize its economy and go green at the same time. the capacity. is the highest business today in russia countries and in eastern europe we can produce today. it's the. russians. made some of the first strides in constructing the incandescent lamps in the seventy's. filaments. inventor thomas edison introduced improved extended relatively short life of electric bulbs. to over one thousand hours early
twentieth century the tungsten filament light bulb still in use today were already emerging. at the end of the one nine hundred fifty s. and high pressure sodium street lighting in the sixty's compact stores were pioneered in the seventy's and are still a popular option as we move towards energy efficiency. diodes may be seen in the ninety's with improvements in technology since then showing incredible flexibility and efficiency quite possibly making. the future. future the big shots the octagon factory opening. clearly understood the positive impact of having the company on and she was joined by top level dignitaries and investors from beyond it's a project that state high tech corporation is happy to throw its weight behind.
in the field. in fact. all of this. it's been a world class center for fundamental physics and cutting edge technology since the days of its founder. would soon. name train the ranks of the soviet union's top nuclear scientists they also begin work on semiconductors that underpins virtually all modern electronics. was one of the institutes in the field of semiconductor physics and of today's elite d.'s. along to meetings were developed. twenty. russian scientists. experimented with. the end of the nine hundred sixty s.
we saw the appearance of d.s. based on a three semiconductor. that was in the late one nine hundred sixty s. . is is the next generation know how to develop students and what we see here demonstrates how fast changing both in scientific and technological terms and also in terms of the top rate equipment racing here. top managers. of students in the same mid ninety's graduate class and while the optoelectronics department of the two gave them the best of foundations they were completing their studies at a time of difficult transition for the russian scientific community. at the beginning of. our economy facing a dramatic evil due to disastrous reforms implemented by the government i mean
there were carried out in a callous way and russian science found itself in a difficult situation we could not have survived maintained our scientific potential international collaboration. founders were part of. innovative entrepreneurs seeking the elusive startup conditions in an era of uncertainty in fact much of the developed world was suffering an economic identity crisis in the late twentieth century. just in the collapsing socialist. german city of dortmund where the russian innovators eventually found their incubator was no exception. the world is full of rusting old industrial space by the wayside and the constant shifts of the global economy the challenge on everyone's minds is to rethink and rebuild these spaces to compete in the high tech twenty first century. challenges were particularly acute in a city the once mighty complex and europe's largest economy these pictures are from
the final days of phoenix west a massive plant operated by the group that along with other heavy industry installations. cities well established working class long before the mill was shuttered for good in one thousand nine hundred eight the economic. crisis. they had to take a decision to do for the future. there is a decision you can see here so. by the way.
inside is an impressive new facility a far cry from the. past with doors opened in april two thousand and five. for micro and nanotechnology. laboratory clean room infrastructure for small companies trying to take technology from. the facility from the city state in european union now hosting around twenty companies with over one hundred employees . including many from russia so what you see your own advice. is even the essence of eight years of experience with a dozen friends and i do. you know the route in technology that needs to have access to global markets opus leaders get in between and don't want this. the perfect infrastructure in order to do the conversion of their technology into products where is the money to make that a reality come from well basically it needs investors right but you know to get
them this infrastructure in a high tech startup team to make a predictable conversion you have a timeframe of two the three years in order to convert technology to products and prepare the company in order to approach global markets that's exactly the kind of preparation. and his classmates turned business partners and up to gone were looking for when they came to dortmund and to help them take top quality off to electronic technology to the market. originally was founded by. two my friends and classmates from the university and myself and. meyer who joined us and he helped to move here to. the company. and through this time to develop the main principles and basically. created the elegant today we have between ten companies on the level of performance so what
exactly was it that opera guy needed to get their business off the ground ensure equipment. diodes don't grow on trees they grow in every taxi all reactors are able to rent top quality equipment in affordable rates and the m.s.t. factory in the after gun team said about generating that top quality sample made them an attractive investment to set up a full scale production here's how it's done. production starts with a thin model crystal. and a process known as. placed inside a special chamber the wafer is bombarded with various gases to form a multi-layered structure under specific pressure and temperature conditions the gases cause chemical reactions leaving layers of gallium nitride indium nitride and aluminum nitride on the way for surface each wafer will produce up to thousands of l.e.d.s. so a laser edging process cards out the individual chips contacts are then affixed
each one to tiny l.e.d. chips are now ready to be placed inside the casement they are connected with gold wire the contacts and covered with a foster layer to convert blue to white light negative and positive charge currents meet in the active layer of the diode releasing photons in the form of visible light. technology while the energy efficiency. recovering the innovation technologies. and we've talked to several groups several financial groups and on the group. much faster they realize the potential of the company bought it now main expertise . and insight at least. we found a way that we can grow material least dislike and defects.
even. meaning that we can build chips with a more cost efficient technology delivering the same level of performance we are in a transition phase for pilots. who have. busy calibrating their production lines in st petersburg to perfectly recreate the recipe they nailed down and it's a tedious process even on the prototype scale and now the expectations are. comes out of these machines is going to showcase for potential investors but to meet the lighting needs of clients. to plan what advantages. for an equivalent amount of light up to go on projects it's. nearly ten fold and incandescents by fifty times meanwhile the l.e.d.s. will cut in half the energy usage of most c.f.l. and usefully ten times less electricity than an old school bulbs mercury pollution
is a potentially serious problem with energy saving c.f.l. . avoid that toxic threat. completely. environmentally safe in russia from next year from. four hundred. other people. but in russia there is no such high penetration. so we see that in terms of the market size. it's bigger to europe to. expect russian market to grow. and we see the growth of the market for. one hundred percent a year and we expect it to continue. doesn't have to look. as the city of st petersburg is undergoing an l.e.d. overhaul. companies in charge of maintaining some one hundred eighty thousand
lighting elements around the city that's a huge market for the new. currently power consumption total several megawatts. of a major production plant that will produce and hopefully lights to. initially we intend to use to eliminate the city's gardens and. construction plan in the pipeline with new streets to be designed and built in two thousand and twelve twenty thirteen so after we've done the pox we'll extend the replacement program to residential districts and then move on to revamp the lighting for major transport rays in the city as well as the embankments and. beyond their hometown branching out to the far away russian republic of straddling the arctic circle in northern siberia energy efficiency is more than a slogan there since producing electricity in much of the region is expensive and heavily subsidized they also need new technology built to withstand their long
brutal winter. what if you. work in temperature conditions like we have a lot of parts of russia. cold country. that you need my degree. this is a prototype here what's different about it i can't tell with the naked eye but tell me a little bit about the technology i would say that right now you can buy. those .
somebody needs to tackle the issue of design. creative minds that studios are already on the case. is constantly coming up with new ways to merge. with the fashion. behind the futuristic prototype. screw in. was the main challenge that you guys had to overcome in making these lamps obviously did acknowledge is quite advanced but they still go to some issues to solve the biggest one ease the problem of couldn't don't because it's pretty use lots of heat so we have to design the very good. read into is that what this thing is right here yeah it's like. the theme we just came out for the market maybe three years ago and it's just a standard solution but we like to change it and make it more effective and we got
inspired by nature because if you look at some of the stuff like mushrooms for example that apes there they just like cause a new wave in up and go in and we create the same the same similar stuff here and it will help to extend the capacity and space around and. to make the cooling process more effective from a purely design perspective from an artistic perspective do you like working with bulbs that need a radiator this clunky like when i look at this i see mostly radiator very little ball and you don't get light maybe as much coming down this direction are you looking at ways to completely redo l.e.d. lighting so that you don't have to have such a bulky radiator industry itself is very rapidly changing day by day i think maybe even up to one year we'll have another design beefed up so there's a different look so what then is the future of this kind of designing to look like you mentioned at
a deed silva get in small and small and for example they can close your which is called slide engine and physically it's a very very tiny and sleek and thin element and they implemented that but not you know the common you could wait any shape whatever you want really looking forward to some of the designs may seem a bit frivolous it first glimpse but we're talking about a far more flexible lighting future where we can. to traditional. to just about anything and replace. devices possibility. is literally hoping to reinvent the wheel. sometime in two thousand and twelve. with all the latest gadgets for the. next in group. in the new car company so
it's no wonder he understood the advantages of that product from st peter's little which is the first of all. and secondly no less important. features. as company here as the world's leading luxury sports car makers head seen the light of. recent years as well as the bang for the bug you can expect to encounter more l.e.d.s. on the road which. is. finding applications everywhere these days even. but it's just the tip of the iceberg. there are more innovations on the way from the same.
offices of the. industry. to their scientific semiconductor physics. the world's leaders in laser technology. to complete production cycle beginning here with molecular. and. finishing with a range of packaged products includes. chips and fiber laser modules for use in industrial medical and communications technology. team of researchers from the physical technical university where we worked in the laboratory of the. private company here in germany we managed to secure significant funds from investors and.
other applications produces millions of chips for the medical. research to create a unique chip to be used in the industry of optical computer into connections. she's a different place now. the. project. was a proposal to set up production facilities. chips using. something unique. the technology is referring to is called quantum dots. where his company is among the global elite quantum dots or confined semiconductor crystals with unique electronic optical properties discovered in the one nine hundred eighty s. by physicists. quantum dots are great advantages in laser applications.
technologies to develop. to competitive firms with cutting edge projects. and possibly. build successful innovative business abroad and bring them home. from the famous silicon valley. this kind of center in russia. right now that's part of the skolkovo project an international city of science and technology over the next decade in all directions from this spot just outside of moscow so the next time technology update brings you a high tech success story it might just be born and raised right here in enjoy the ride. that. he's going to cover.
to take scientific groups. to give them kind of conditions like. what we discussed with you when we were there and. in order to develop. your prototype. and this has to be done in russia immediately otherwise we would never you know the breach between science and manufacturing would be because between science and. there is a huge gap there is a prototype development and i myself am a scientist very they don't understand how much. it used to be an ideal place for a holiday wouldn't change in
a lesser till her toe see don't need to go and pull a clear run to send the colonel was her job as a retreat. paedo with a democrat led senate kills republican debt ceiling plan. with now early polls of the house in the us to follow that line leading us. s.s. veterans and supporters and gather in estonia for an annual messina calls account way to activists who want the government to give dead dollars seem to think it's. israeli to set off encampments across the country and world some experts called in egypt all protests against social injustice out on the popular government policy. and as the number of journalists in the u.s. increased is the public relations states to grow.